Organized Crime Research (kvl-homepage) Cigarette Smuggling

Below is a collection of papers on the illegal cigarette trade, including cigarette smuggling and the illegal wholesale and retail distribution of cigarettes. The papers deal with the cigarette black market globally and in particular parts of the world, namely China, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The material reflects some of the research I (Klaus von Lampe) have been conducting in this area since 1999. For a complete list of published papers, click here.
The Illegal Cigarette Trade
This paper, published in 2011 as a chapter in International Crime and Justice, a book edited by Mangai Natarajan, presents an overview of the global illegal cigarette trade.
Provisional situation report on trafficking in contraband cigarettes
This research report describes the situation of the cigarette black market in Northwest Europe with a special focus on Germany and the UK. The report was produced in 2005 as part of the Assessing Organised Crime research project financed by the European Commission under the 6th Framework Programme.
The cigarette black market in Germany and the UK
This article (manuscript available in PDF-format), which appeared in the Journal of Financial Crime (Vol. 13 No. 2, 2006), is based on the provisional situation report described above. The published version is available at
Explaining the Emergence of the Cigarette Black Market in Germany
This chapter from the book The Organised Crime Economy, published in 2005, discusses the relevance of factors commonly believed to cause cigarette black markets to develop with regard to the situation in Germany in the first half of the 1990s. Data were obtained from unpublished law enforcement statistics and the analysis of 47 criminal files.
Organising the Nicotine Racket
This chapter from the book Criminal Finances and Organising Crime in Europe, published in 2003, discusses variations in the structure of illegal enterprises in the cigarette black market in Germany. Data were obtained from the analysis of 14 criminal files.
The Nicotine Racket: Trafficking in Untaxed Cigarettes. A Case Study of Organized Crime in Germany
A guest lecture given at the Institute for Criminology of the Oslo University (Norway) in May of 1999 on the smuggling and illegal distribution of untaxed cigarettes in Germany and the activities and structure of Vietnamese extortion gangs extorting Vietnamese street vendors of untaxed cigarettes in East Germany.
The paper reflects the initial stage of research I have been conducting at Freie Universität Berlin.
The Trafficking in Untaxed Cigarettes in Germany
This chapter from the book Upperworld and Underworld in Cross-Border Crime describes the developments in the cigarette black market in Germany in the 1980s and 1990s.
The Illegal Cigarette Market in Germany: A Case Study of Organized Crime
A paper presented at the first annual meeting of the European Society of Criminology, held in Lausanne in September 2001, presents the research project on the cigarette black market I am currently working on and discusses its relevance for the study of organized crime.
Land of Opportunities
This paper, co-authored with Marin Kurti and John Bae and published in 2014 as a chapter in the book Corruption, Greed and Crime Money, presents an overview of the illegal cigarette trade in the United States with a special emphasis on the situation in New York City.
The illegal cigarette market in the South Bronx
This paper, published in the journal Tobacco Control in 2013, presents the results from a litter pack survey that shows a high share of illegal cigarettes in the socioeconomically deprived inner-city area of the South Bronx in New York City.
The Role of China in the Global Illegal Cigarette Trade
This paper, published in the journal International Criminal Justice Review in 2012, examines the historical development of China's legal and illegal cigarette industry since the 1970s.
Criminal Networks and Trust
This paper (written in collaboration with Per Ole Johansen and presented at the ESC meeting 2003 in Helsinki) discusses the importance of trust in criminal relations. Examples are drawn from research on the illegal cigarette market in Germany and the illegal liquor market in Norway. A journal version of this paper was published in Global Crime, 6(2), 2004, 159-184.

home | Index | Organized Crime in Germany | Organized Crime in the U.S. | Organized Crime Book Reviews | Publications | Links | e-mail